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Any operation performed upon information related to an identified or identifiable natural person is defined as processing of personal data. Some examples include collection, recording, storage, alteration, use, disclosure and transfer of personal data.

As other European InstitutionInstitutions, the European Commission is subject to specific legal obligations concerning the protection of personal data and their processing. These obligations are described in Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2018 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and on the free movement of such data. It repeals Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 and Decision No 1247/2002/EC.