The performance and charging schemes are established on the basis of Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 laying down the framework for the creation of the single European sky (the Framework Regulation) and Articles 14-16 of Regulation (EC) No 550/2004 on the provision of air navigation services in the single European sky (the Service Provision Regulation) respectively. Technical provisions are set out in the following implementing acts:
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/317 of 11 February 2019 laying down a performance and charging scheme in the single European sky and repealing Implementing Regulations (EU) No 390/2013 and (EU) No 391/2013
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 390/2013 laying down a performance scheme for air navigation services and network functions and Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 391/2013 laying down a common charging scheme for air navigation services are repealed with effect from 1 January 2020, but continue to apply for the purposes of the implementation of the performance and charging schemes pertaining to the second reference period.
The Performance Review Body is established on the basis of Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 and is set up by Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/2296 of 16 December 2016 setting up the independent group of experts designated as Performance Review Body of the single European sky.
Third reference period (RP3) 2020-2024
The regulatory framework defines key performance indicators for safety, environment, capacity and cost-efficiency. They are used to set performance targets at Union level, national level or functional airspace block level. The key performance indicators cover both en route and terminal air navigation services, as well as network functions, in order to improve the overall performance of the network.
The Union-wide performance targets for the third reference period, covering 2020 to 2024 include Union-wide baseline values, alert thresholds and comparator groups. Based on the targets, Member States prepare , the performance plans, which they submit to the Commission by 1 October 2019 for their assessment. The Commission is assisted in this task by the Performance Review Body.
Union-wide targets for RP3
- SAFETY: The Union-wide performance targets in the key performance area of safety to be achieved by the end of 2024 by air navigation service providers certified to provide services are set at the following levels of effectiveness of safety management:
- at least Level C in the safety management objectives 'safety culture', 'safety policy and objectives', 'safety assurance', and 'safety promotion';
- at least Level D in the safety management objective 'safety risk management'.
- ENVIRONMENT: Union-wide performance targets for the key performance area of environment are expressed as an average horizontal en route flight efficiency of the actual trajectory and measured as average additional distance flown compared to the great circle distance and cannot exceed the following percentages:
- 2.53% in 2020;
- 2.47% in 2021;
- 2.40% in 2022;
- 2.40% in 2023; and
- 2.40% in 2024.
- CAPACITY: The Union-wide performance targets for the key performance area of capacity are an average en route ATFM delay attributable to air navigation services of a maximum of
- 0.9 minute per flight in 2020;
- 0.9 minute per flight in 2021;
- 0.7 minute per flight in 2022;
- 0.5 minute per flight in 2023;
- 0.5 minute per flight in 2024.
- COST-EFFICIENCY: The Union-wide performance targets for the key performance area of cost-efficiency are a year-on-year change of the average Union-wide determined unit cost for en route air navigation services of:
-1.9% for 2020;
-1.9% for 2021;
-1.9% for 2022;
-1.9% for 2023;
-1.9% for 2024.
These targets are defined in Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/903 of 29 May 2019 setting the Union-wide performance targets for the air traffic management network for the third reference period starting on 1 January 2020 and ending on 31 December 2024.
Local target setting – Consistency with Union-wide targets
National supervisory authorities (NSAs) draw up performance plans at national or FAB level containing local targets consistent with Union-wide targets.
Member States adopt draft performance plans and submit them to the Commission for the Commission's assessment and review. In this respect, the Commission first verifies whether the performance plans are complete. If the plans are complete, the Commission assesses whether the proposed performance targets are consistent with the Union-wide performance targets. If the required consistency cannot be established, the Commission requests Member States to revise their performance plans and targets, or to take corrective measures.
Monitoring of performance
NSAs submit monitoring reports to the Commission by 1 June each year. The PRB then analyses the the performance results and issues its recommendations in annual monitoring reports.
Furthermore, performance-related data on key performance indicators (KPIs) and performance indicators (PIs) is made available on a quarterly basis through dashboards: