URLs help users to navigate, to understand what content they can expect, but it also structures the domain. For this reason, the EC, Parliament and the Council agreed on common rules on URLs in 2005.
A coherent common structure enhances the user experience by its transparency and reinforces the trust in the sites under it. The web address is a guarantee of trustworthiness and reliability.
According to Europa domain and subdomains rules, websites owned by DGs and executive agencies must be hosted on the europa.eu domain.
As part of the Europa.eu domain, the websites’ URLs must follow the below rules:
Translated pages must have exactly the same URL of the original page, with the addition of suffix at the end of the page name.
ec.europa.eu/info/my-page → points to the English page
ec.europa.eu/info/my-page_en → English page
ec.europa.eu/info/my-page_de → German page
ec.europa.eu/info/my-page_sl → Slovenian page
The permitted suffixes for Eu-languages are the following (taken from alpha-3/ISO 639-2 Code)
When listing the available languages, Spanish comes directly after Bulgarian (because of castillian spanish). Nevertheless the prefix is _es and not _cs
For non-EU languages, the following suffixes must be used:
Chinese (simplified): zh-hans
Chinese (traditional): zh-hant
For other languages, see the file DGT-languages
Note: URLs of the European Commission's websites can be structured in two different ways depending on the hosting:
Some elements used in brand names could negatively impact how search engines work and how people perceive your domain name.
Therefore, we recommend while defining the URL to:
In case you need to print or advertise or publish URLs, always use lower case (e. g. ec.europa.eu and not Ec.europa.eu nor EC.EUROPA.EU.
Urls containing the node keyword should rewrite to the human-readable version of the url. For example:
ec.europa.eu/drupalInstance/folder1/node_en → ec.europa.eu/drupalInstance/folder1/title-of-the-page_en
The Commission services requesting for a URL/site name must always complete the necessary copyright checks on the names or association of words they intend to use before sending their request. For more information, contact the Intellectual Property Office (EC-IPR@ec.europa.eu).
If you require further assistance on this topic? Please contact the team in charge of Europa Domain Management (EU Login required).
The Europa Web Guide is the official rulebook for the European Commission's web presence, covering editorial, legal, technical, visual and contractual aspects.
All European Commission web sites must observe the rules and guidelines it contains.
Web practitioners are invited to observe its contents and keep abreast of updates. More information about the web guide.